Malachi Beit-Arié

Professore - Codicologia e Paleografia ebraica - Hebrew University of Jerusalem.



P.O. Box 24165, Jerusalem 91341, Israel

tel. 972-2-5619270 - fax: 972-2-6511771




Codicologia ebraica.


List of Publications


1.           Manuscrits médiévaux en caractères hébraïques portant des indications de date jusqu'à 1540. Part I. Paris and Jerusalem, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1972. 2 vols. 30, 31, 386 pp; 205 pls. (co-author: C. Sirat).

2.     Hebrew Codicology: Tentative Typology of Technical Practices Employed in Hebrew Dated Medieval Manuscripts. Paris, Institut de Recherche et d'Histoire des Textes, 1977. 110 pp, 32 pls. 29x21 cm.

3.     Ma'amar Meshare Qitrin. Jerusalem and New York, Jewish national and University Library Press and Arno Press, 1977 (Introduction by G. Scholem, revised by Malachi Beit-Arié). 42, VI pp (introduction only). [in Hebrew].

4.     Manuscrits médiévaux en caractères hébraïques portant des indications de date jusqu'à 1540. Part II. Paris and Jerusalem, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1979. 2 vols. 268; 360 pp (co-author: C. Sirat; notes only by M. Beit-Arié).

5.     Hebrew Codicology. Jerusalem, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1981. [Reprint of Paris edition with addenda and corrigenda].

6.     C. Sirat, avec la contribution de M. Beit-Arié, Michèle Dukan et al., Les payrus en caractères hébraïques trouvés en Égypte. Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1985.

7.     The Only Dated Medieval Hebrew Manuscript Written in England (1189 CE) and the Problem of Pre-Expulsion Anglo-Hebrew Manuscripts. London, Valmadonna Trust Library (Oxford University Press), 1985. 56 pp, 10 pls.

8.     Worms Mahzor: Introductory Volum, ed. M. Beit-Arié, Vaduz and Jerusalem 1985.

9.     Manuscrits médiévaux en caractères hébraïques portant des indications de date jusqu'à 1540. Part III. Paris and Jerusalem, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1986. 3 vols. 13, 285, 31, 29 pp; 187 pls. (co-author: C. Sirat; notes only by M. Beit-Arié).

10.    Specimens of Mediaeval Hebrew Scripts. Part I: Oriental and Yemenite Script. In collaboration with Edna Engel and Ada Yardeni. Jerusalem, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1987. VII, 308, 14 pp.

11.    The Makings of the Medieval Hebrew Book. Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 1993. 282 pp.

12.    Hebrew Manuscripts of East and West: Towards a Comparative Codicology. London, The British Library, 1993 (The Panizzi Lectures, 1992).

13.    Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library: Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I (A. Neubauer's Catalogue). Compiled under the direction of Malachi Beit-Arié [who provided palaeographical identifications of all the 2602 manuscripts]. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1994. 596 cols.

14.    Codices hebraicis litteris exarati quo tempore scripti fuerint exhibentes; Tome I: jusqu'à 1020 (Monumenta Palaeographia Medii Aevi: Series Hebraica, 1). By M. Beit-Arié, C. Sirat and M. Glatzer. Turnhout, Brepols, 1997.

15.    Codices hebraicis litteris exarati quo tempore scripti fuerint exhibentes; Tome II: de 1021 à 1079 (Monumenta Palaeographia Medii Aevi: Series Hebraica, 2). By Mordecai Glatzer, Colette Sirat and Malachi Beit-Arié. Turnhout, Brepols, 1999.

16.    Specimens of Mediaeval Hebrew Scripts. Part II: Sefardic Script. In collaboration with Edna Engel. Jerusalem, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 2002.

17.    Hebrew Manuscripts in the Biblioteca Palatina in Parma: Catalogue. Edited by Benjamin Richler, Palaeographical and Codicological Descriptions [by] Malachi Beit-Arié. Jerusalem, Jewish National and University Library, 2001.

18.    Codices hebraicis litteris exarati quo tempore scripti fuerint exhibentes; Tome III: de 1085 à 1140 (Monumenta Palaeographia Medii Aevi: Series Hebraica, 3). By Colette Sirat, Malachi Beit-Arié and Mordecai Glatzer. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002.

19.    Unveiled Faces of Medieval Hebrew Books: The Evolution of Manuscript Production - Progression or Regression? Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2003.

20.    Codices hebraicis litteris exarati quo tempore scripti fuerint exhibentes; Tome IV: de 1144 à 1200 (Monumenta Palaeographia Medii Aevi: Series Hebraica, 4). By Malachi Beit-Arié, Colette Sirat and Mordecai Glatzer. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007.

21.    Hebrew Manuscripts in the Vatican Library: Catalogue, Compiled by the Staff of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts in the Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem, ed. B. Richler, Palaeographical and Codicological Descriptions: M. Beit-Arié in collaboration with N. Pasternak, Vatican City 2008 (Studi e Testi, 438).

22.    Specimens of Mediaeval Hebrew Scripts. Part III: Ashkenazic Script. With Edna Engel. Jerusalem, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities [in press].

23.    Hebrew Codicology: Historical and Comparative Typology of Hebrew Medieval Codices Based on the Documentation of the Extant Dated Manuscripts in Quantitative Approach. Pre-Publication, Internet version 0.1, 2012; version 0.2, 2013  [500 pp. in Hebrew; detailed table of contents and summary in English].

To be published in Hebrew and English versions by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

24.    Perek Shira: Introductions and Critical Edition. PhD Thesis Submitted to the Hebrew University, Jerusalem 1966 [in Hebrew], 2 vols. Pdf version 2013 by the National Library of Israel.

25.    Quntras Shira Hadasha: Addenda to Perek Shira: Introductions and Critical Edition. PhD Thesis Submitted to the Hebrew University, Jerusalem 1966, Electronic Publication by the National Library of Israel [in Hebrew].



24.    "Unknown Translations of Maimonides' Medical Works". Kirjath Sepher, 38 (1962-63), pp. 567-574. [in Hebrew].

25.    "The Vocalization of Worms Prayer-Book" Lešonenu, 29 (1965), pp. 27-46, 80-102. [in Hebrew].

26.    "Epistle on the Ten Tribes by R. Avraham b. Eliezer ha-Levi the Cabbalist". Kobez Al Yad: Minora Manuscripta Hebraica, 6 (1966), pp. 369-378. [in Hebrew].

27.    "The Munich Palimpsest: A Hebrew Scroll Written Before the Eighth Century". Kirjath Sepher, 43 (1967-68), PP. 411-428 [in Hebrew].

28.    "Codicologic Features as Palaeographical Criteria in Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts". Kirjath Sepher, 45 (1969-70), pp. 435-436. [in Hebrew].

29.    "La paléographie hébraïque". Revue d'Histoire des Textes, 1 (1979), pp. 245-251.

30.    "An Unusual Method of Rendering the Date from the Creation in Hebrew Manuscripts". Tarbiz, 41 (1971-72), pp. 116-124, 343-344; 42 (1972-73), p. 199. [in Hebrew].

31.    "À propos des manuscrits hébreux de Lisbonne". REJ, 130 (1971), pp. 311-315.

32.    "The Cryptic Name of the Scribe Abraham b. Yom Tov ha-Cohen". Israel Oriental Studies, 2 (1972), pp. 51-56.

33.    Addition: Kiryat Sefer, 56 (1981), pp. 546-548 [in Hebrew] ; also published in : From the Collections of the Institute of microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts (ed. A. David), Jerusalem 1995, pp. 130-131.

34.    “Les premiers resultats codicologiques de l'enquête sur les manuscrits hébreux médiévaux”. La paléographie hébraïque médiévale, Paris, 11-13 septembre 1972, Paris 1974 (Colloques internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 547), pp. 45-50, pls. XII-XXXIII.

35.    "A Maimonides Autograph in the Rylands Gaster Genizah Collection". BJRUL, 57 (1974), pp. 1-6.

36.    "A Palaeographical Description of the Jerusalem Hebrew Manuscript". Moses Maimonides on the Causes of Symptoms (eds. J.O. Leibowitz and S. Marcus), Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 1974, pp. 34-38.

37.    "Wandering Hebrew Scribes and Codicologic Features in Various Countries". Kirjath Sepher, 49 (1974-75), pp. 630-635. [in Hebrew].

38.    "A Colophon-Poem in Yemenite Pentateuch Manuscripts". Papers on Medieval Hebrew Literature Presented to A.M. Habermann on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday (ed. Z. Malachi), Jerusalem 1977, pp. 37-50. [in Hebrew].

39.    "Joel ben Simeon's Manuscripts: A Codicologist's View". Journal of Jewish Art, 3-4 (1977), pp. 25-39.

40.    "Some Technical Practices Employed in Hebrew Medieval Manuscripts". Codicologica (eds. A. Gruys and J.P. Gumbert), II, Leiden 1978, pp. 62-82.

41.    "Letters by S.Y. Agnon to S.Z. Schocken". S. Y. Agnon: Studies and Documents (eds. G. Shaked and R. Weiser), Jerusalem 1978, pp. 97-117. [in Hebrew].

42.    "Stereotypes and Individuality in Medieval Handwritings". Alei Sefer, 5 (1978), pp. 54-72. [in Hebrew].

43.    "Hebrew Manuscripts Copied in Jerusalem Before the Ottoman Conquest". Jerusalem in the Middle Ages: Selected Papers (ed. B.Z. Kedar), Jerusalem 1979, pp. 244-278. [in Hebrew].

44.    "Treatise on Astrology and the Calculation of Redemption by R. Abraham Zacut". Kiryat Sefer, 54 (1978-79), pp. 174-195. (co-author: M. Idel). [in Hebrew].

45.    "Hebrew-Latin Glossary: A Testimony of Hebrew Spoken in Jerusalem in the Tenth Century?". Tarbiz, 54 (1978-79), pp. 274-302. [in Hebrew].

46.    "Ms. Kaufmann of the Mishna - Its Date and Locality". Collection of Papers on Tanaitic Language, II, Jerusalem 1980, pp. 84-99. [in Hebrew].

47.    "The Palaeography of the Geniza Literary Fragments". Papers of the Geniza Conference, Tel-Aviv 1980, pp. 193-199. [in Hebrew].

48.    "Codicological and Palaeographical Description". The Damascus Pentateuch: Manuscript From About the Year 1000 Containing Almost the Whole Pentateuch, Part II (ed. M. Beit-Arié), Copenhagen 1982 (Early Hebrew Manuscripts in Facsimile, 2).

49.    "The Worms Mahzor: Its History and its Palaeographic and Codicological Characteristics". Worms Mahzor: Introductory Volume (ed. M. Beit-Arié), Vaduz and Jerusalem 1985, pp. 13-35, IX-XXVI.

50.    "Palaeographical Identification of Hebrew Manuscripts: Methodology and Practice". Jewish Art, 12-13 (1986/87), pp. 15-44.

51.    "Manuscripts and Books, Jewish". Dictionary of the Middle Ages, VIII, New York 1987, pp. 118-120.

52.    "Birkhot ha-Evarim". Tarbiz, 56 (1987), pp. 265-272; 57 (1988), p. 120. [in Hebrew].

53.    "How Hebrew Manuscripts Are Made". A Sign and a Witness: 2000 Years of Hebrew Books and Illuminations (ed. L.S. Gold), New York and Oxford 1988, pp. 35-46.

54.    "The Relationship Between Early Hebrew Printing and Handwritten Books: Attachment or Detachment". Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXIX, Jerusalem 1989, pp.1-26.

55.    "Palaeographical and codicological Study of the Manuscript". The Rothschild Miscellany: A Scholary Commentary, London, Facsimile Editions, 1989, pp. 91-124.

56.    "The Contribution of the Fustat Geniza to Hebrew Palaeography". Pe'amim, 41 (Autumn 1989), pp. 39-40. [in Hebrew].

57.    "Towards a Comparative Codicology". Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 15 (automne 1989), pp. 39-40.

58.    "Perek Shira: Introduction to a Facsimile Edition of an Illustrated Manuscript, The Jewish National and University". Tel-Aviv, Turnovsky, 1990. 17, 45 pp.

59.    "Stéréotypes et individualité dans les écritures des copistes hébraques du Moyen Age". L’ècriture: le cerveau, l'œil et la main; Actes du colloque international du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, Collège de France 2, 3 et 4 mai 1988 (eds. C. Sirat, J. Irigoin, E. Poulle), Turnhout 1990 (Bibliologia, 10), pp. 201-219.

60.    "The Codicological Data-Base of the Hebrew Palaeography Project: A Tool for Localising and Dating Hebrew Medieval Manuscripts", Hebrew Studies: Papers Presented at a Colloquium on Resources for Hebraica in Europe Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 11-13 September 1989, eds. D. Rowland Smith and P. Sh. Salinger, London 1991 (British Library Occasional Papers, 13), pp. 165-197.

61.    "Codicological Description and Analysis of the Washington Haggadah". The Washington Haggadah: A Facsimile Edition of an Illuminated Manuscript at the Library of Congress Signed by Joel ben Simeon - Commentary (ed. M.M. Weinstein), Washington 1991, pp. 105-135.

62.    "Hebrew Manuscript Collections in Leningrad and their Importance to the History of the Hebrew Book". Jewish Studies, 31 (1991), pp. 33-46. [in Hebrew].

63.    "Constructing a National Collection: The Case of Israel". L'avenir des grandes bibliothèques: Colloque international organizé par la Bibliothèque Nationale, 30 janvier - 2 février 1990. Paris 1991, pp. 123-129.

64.    ”Hebrew Script in Spain: Development, Offshoots and Vicissitudes". Moreshet Sefarad: The Sephardi Legacy (ed. H. Beinart), I, Jerusalem 1992, pp.282-317.

65.    [A Hebrew version in a separate volume, same entry, pp. 224-258].

66.    "La caligrafìa hebrea en Espaňa: desarollo, ramificaciones y vicisitudes". Morešet Sefarad: El legado de Sefarad (ed. H. Beinart), I, Jerusalen 1992, pp. 289-325.

67.    [A Spanish version of no. 40].

68.    "La base de données codicologiques du 'Hebrew Palaeography Project': un outil pour la localisation et la datation des manuscrits médiévaux hébreux". Méthodologies informatiques et nouveaux horizons dans les recherches médiévales: Actes du colloque international de Saint-Paul-de-Vence 3-5 septembre 1990 (ed. J. Hamesse), [Turnhout] 1992 (Société Internationale pour l'Etude de la Philosophie Médiévale: Rencontre de Philosophie Médiévale, 2), pp. 17-67.

69.    "Transmission de textes par scribes et copistes: Interférences inconscientes et critiques". Les problèmes posés par l'édition critique des textes anciens et médiévaux (ed. J. Hamesse), Louvain-la-Neuve 1992 (Publications de l'Institut d'Études Médiéivales de l'Université Catholique de Louvain: Textes, Études, Congrès, 13), pp. 173-196.

70.    "Why Comparative Codicology?". Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 23 (automne 1993), pp. 1-5.

71.    “Ideals Versus Reality: Scribal Prescriptions in Sefer Hasidim and.Contemporary Scribal Practices in Franco-German Manuscripts. Rashi 1040-1990: Hommage à Ephraïm E. Urbach (Congrès européen des Études juives: ed. G. Sed-Rajna), Paris 1993, pp. 559-566, pls 1-17.

72.    "Additiamenta to G. Tamani's Article on Hebrew Manuscripts Copied in Sicily". Henoch, 15 (1993), 359-361.

73.    "Transmission of Texts by Scribes and Copyists: Unconscious and Critical Interferences". Bulletin of John Rylands University Library of Manchester, 75, no 3 (Autumn 1993) [published: late 1994] (Artefact and Text: The Re-Creation of Jewish Literature in Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts: Proceedings of a Conference Held in the University of Manchester 28-30 April 1992), pp., 33-51.

74.    "Gershom Scholem as Bibliophile". G. Scholem: The Man and his Work (ed. P. Mendes-Flohr), New York and Jerusalem 1994, pp. 120-127.

75.    “SFARDATA: The Henri Schiller Codicological Database of the Hebrew Palaeography Project, Jerusalem”. Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 25 (automne 1994), pp. 24-29.

76.    "Colophons in Hebrew Manuscripts: Source of Information on Book Production and Text Transmission". E. Condello and G. De Gregorio (eds.), Scribi e colofoni: Le sottoscrizioni di copisti dalle origini all’avvento della stampa; Atti del seminario di Erice, X Colloquio del Comité international de paléographie latine (23-28 ottobre 1993)”, Spoleto 1995 (Biblioteca del “Centro per il collegamento degli studi medievali e umanistici in Umbria”, 14), pp. 495-504 and tables I-V.

77.    “Introduction” to a Facsimle Edition  of  Sefer Pitron Torah: A Collection of Midrashim and Interpretation, MS Jewish National and University Library. Jerusalem Heb. 4° 5767, Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 1995, pp. 5-28 (in Hebrew).

78.    “A Codicological and Palaeographical Examination of the Parma Psalter”. The Parma Psalter: A Thirteenth-century Illuminated Hebrew Book of Psalms with a Commentary by Abraham Ibn Ezra; Companion Volume to the Facsimile Edition [of MS Parm. 1870 of the Biblioteca Palatina]. London, Facsimile Editions, 1996, pp. 11-27.

79.    “The Oriental Arabic Paper”. Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 28 (printemps 1996), pp. 9-12.

80.    Genizot: Depositories of Consumed Books as Disposing Procedure in Jewish Society” (Comité international de paléographie latine: XIe Colloque, Bruxelles, 19-21 October 1995). Scriptorium, 50 (1996),  pp. 407-414.

81.    “Comfort of Reading, Comfort of Writing: Some Reflections on Line Management" (with Nurit Pasternak). Gazette du Livre Médiéval, (automne 1997), pp. 9-21.

82.    “The Accessibility of the Russian Manuscript Collection: New Perspectives for Jewish Studies”. Jewish Studies in a New Europe: Proceedings of the Fifth Congress of Jewish Stidies in Copenhagen 1994 Under the Auspices of the European Association for Jewish Studies, Copenhagen 1998, pp. 82-98.

83.    "Les procédés qui garantissent l'ordre des cahiers, des bifeuillets et de feuillets dans les codices hébreux". Recherches de codicologie comparée: La composition du codex au Moyen Âge (ed. Ph. Hoffmann) Paris, Presses de l’École normale supérieure, 1998, pp. 137-151.

84.    “The Identity of the Kabbalist Menahem Recannati”. Tarbiz, 67 (1998), pp. 573-577 (in Hebrew).

85.    Colophoned Hebrew Manuscripts Produced in Spain and the Distribution of the Localised Codices“. Signo: Revista de Historia de la Cultura Escrita, 6 (1999), pp. 161-178.

86.    “In Quest of the Enigmatic Ruling Device: Further Observation on Prickings in Ink-Ruled Italian Manuscripts”. Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 35 (automne 1999), pp. 10-16 (with Nurit Pasternak).

87.    “Quantitative Typology of Oriental Paper Patterns”. Le papier au Moyen Âge: Histoire et techniques, ed. Monique Zerdoun Bat-Yehouda. Turnhout, Brepols, 1999 (Bibliologia, 19), pp. 41-53.

88.    “Some Codicological Observations On The Early Hebrew Codex”. QUINIO, 1 (1999), pp. 1-16.

89.    “[The History of the Production of Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts]”. (in Hebrew). Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 8, fascicule 12, Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 2000 [=Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 8 (1989-2000), pp. 213-236 and plates 1-16].

90.    “Publication and Reproduction of Literary Texts in Jewish Medieval Civilization: Jewish Scribality and its Impact on the Texts Transmitted”. Transmitting Jewish Traditions: Orality, Textuality, and Cultural Diffusion, eds. Yaakov Elman and Israel Gershoni (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000), pp. 225- 247.

91.    “Were there Jewish ‘Public’ Libraries in the Middle Ages?: The Individualistic Nature of the Hebrew Medieval Book Production and Consumption". Zion, 65 (2000), pp. 441-451 (in Hebrew). [ = ספריות ואוספי ספרים, בעריכת מ' סלוחובסקי וי' קפלן, ירושלים תשס"ו, עמ'103-91]

92.    “How Scribes Disclosed their Names by Means of their Copied Text”. Me'ah She'arim: Studies in Medieval Jewish Spiritual Life in Memory of Isadore Twersky, ed. Ezra Fleischer et al, Jerusalem: Magnes, 2001, Hebrew Section, pp. 113-129 (in Hebrew).

93.    Towards a Comparative Typology of Italian Hebrew and Latin Codices”, in Libri, documenti, epigrafi medievali: Possibilità di studi comparativi. Atti del Convegno internazionale di studio dell’Associazione Italiana dei Paleografi e Diplomatisti, Bari (2-5 ottobre 2000), eds. Francesco Magistrale, Corinna Drago and Paolo Fioretti. Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 2002, pp. 377-396.

94.    “The Contribution of Medieval Hebrew Manuscript Fragments to Hebrew Codicology”, in Fragmenta ne pereant: Recupero e studio dei frammenti di manoscritti medievali e rinascimentali riutilizzati in legature, eds. Mauro Perani and Cesarino Ruini, Ravenna: Longo Editore, 2002, pp. 83-88.

95.    “The Making of the Miscellany”, in The North French Hebrew Miscellany (British Library Add. MS 11639): Companion Volume to an Illuminated Manuscript from the Thirteenth Century France in Facsimile, ed. J. Schonfield, London: Facsimile Editions, 2003, pp. 47-73. [336 pp. and 746 ff.]

96.    “Production and Shaping of Hebrew Medieval Manuscripts in Latin Italy Italy: From Cultural Resistence to Acculturation”, in L’interculturalità dell’ebraismo, ed. M. Perani, Ravenna   2004, pp. 139-146.

97.    “Byzantine Hebrew Manuscripts: Script And Codicological Features”, in L'image et la parole: Receuil à l'occasion du 60e anniversaire du Prof. Axinia Džurova (Studia Slavico-Byzantina et Mediaevalia Europensia, 8), Sofia 2004, pp. 79-87.

98.    [“Quntres or Qutres: The Distribution and Spellings of a Term and its Codicologocal Meanings”] , in Mehqerei Talmud: Talmudic Studies Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ephraim E. Urbach (Mehqerei Talmud 3), eds. Y. Sussmann and D. Rosenthal, Jerusalem 2005, pp. 64-79 (in Hebrew).

99.    “External and Internal Frontiers in Hebrew Manuscript Production”. In: Proceedings of the third European Congress of Medieval Studies (Jyväskylä, 10-14 June 2003), ed. O. Merisalo, Louvain-La-Neuve 2006, pp. 399-407.

100.  'How Scribes Disclosed their Names in hebrew Manuscripts', in Omnia in Eo: Studies on JewishBooks and Libraries in Honor of Adri Offenberg Celebrating the 125th Anniversary of the Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana in Amsterdami, eds. I. Zwiep et al, Louvain 2006 [= Studia Rosenthaliana, 38/39], pp. 144-157.

101.  “'The Erfurt Hebrew Giant Bible and the Experimental XRF Analysis of Ink and Plummet Composition’ (with O. Hahn, T. Wolff, H.-O. Feistel, and I. Rabin), Gazette du Livre Médiéval, 51 (2008), pp. 16-29.

102.  “The Production of Hebrew Scientific Books according to Dated Medieval Manuscripts”, in Science in Medieval Jewish Cultures, ed. G. Freudenthal, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 106-110.

103.  "The Individualistic Circumstances Of The Hebrew Book Production And Consumption", in Colette Sirat Festschrift [forthcoming].






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